Conifers

Conifers are cone-bearing seed plants with vascular tissue, all extant conifers are woody plants, the great majority being trees with just a few being shrubs. Typical examples of conifers include cedars, Douglas-firs, cypresses, firs, junipers, kauri, larches, pines, hemlocks, redwoods, spruces, and yews. Although the total number of species is relatively small, conifers are of immense ecological importance. Boreal conifers have many winter time adaptations,many of them seasonally alter their biochemistry to make them more resistant to freezing.